“Borges” redirects here. For other uses, see Borges (disambiguation).
For other people of the same name, see Borges (surname).
Jorge Francisco Isidoro Luis Borges KBE (/ˈbɔːrhɛs/;Spanish: [ˈxorxe ˈlwis ˈborxes] audio ; 24 August 1899 – 14 June 1986), was an Argentine short-story writer, essayist, poet and translator, and a key figure in Spanish language literature. His work embraces the “character of unreality in all literature”. His best-known books, Ficciones (Fictions) and El Aleph (The Aleph), published in the 1940s, are compilations of short stories interconnected by common themes, including dreams, labyrinths, libraries, mirrors, fictional writers, philosophy, and religion. Literary critics have described Borges as Latin America’s monumental writer.
Borges’ works have contributed to philosophical literature and also to the fantasy genre. Critic Ángel Flores, the first to use the term magical realism to define a genre that reacted against the dominant realism and naturalism of the 19th century, considers the beginning of the movement to be the release of Borges’ A Universal History of Infamy (Historia universal de la infamia). However, some critics would consider Borges to be…
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